Will the German Chancellor visit to Africa to buy gas affect the market for the automotive solid state relay in Germany
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz on Tuesday began his first trip to Africa as president, seeking to buy Senegalese liquefied natural gas to make up for the shortfall caused by reduced energy imports from Russia.
Germany has started negotiations with Senegal on gas exploitation and LNG supplies, Scholz said at a joint press conference with Senegalese President Marki Sall on Tuesday.
Mr Sall said Senegal was ready to supply liquefied natural gas to the European market. He expects Senegal's LNG production to reach 2.5 million tons next year and 10 million tons by 2030.
Senegal's border with Mauritania is rich in natural gas. A German government official said Sunday that Germany could help Senegal explore gas fields. The gas partnership between Senegal and the United Kingdom will be led by BP, and first supplies are not expected until next year, the Associated Press reported.
Scholz is scheduled to visit Niger later on Friday before leaving for South Africa on Wednesday evening, a visit that will focus on the Conflict between Russia and Ukraine.
Since Russia launched a special military operation against Ukraine on February 24, the United States and European Union countries have imposed several rounds of severe economic sanctions on Russia, and are preparing to gradually reduce and even halt the import of Russian energy. But since Russia is now the EU's biggest supplier of gas and crude oil, the backlash from sanctions against Moscow has made the EU's position more difficult.
Germany, Europe's largest economy, intends to wean itself off Russian gas but is expected to remain dependent on Moscow for most of its energy supplies until mid-2024.
In addition to Germany, Italy, which is highly dependent on energy imports, is also looking to Africa. Last month two Italian government ministers travelled to Luanda, Angola's capital, and Brazzaville, Congo's capital, in search of gas supplies.
Market Analysis of automotive solid state relay
Industry competition and marketization degree: relay industry development is more mature, the market competition is more sufficient, major producing countries including China, the United States, Japan, Germany, etc., including the United States, Japan, Germany enterprise occupies most of the high-end relay market share, is mainly used in industrial automation control, automotive, communications, aerospace and other fields. The output of relays of Chinese enterprises accounts for about half of the global output of relays, but they are mainly medium and low-end products, which are mainly used in household appliances, electricity, automobiles and other fields.
Basic principles and classification of automotive solid state relay
Basic concept and principle of relay: relay is a control component that automatically disconnects when the input parameters (such as electricity, magnetism, light, heat, sound and so on) in the circuit reach a specified value, which can make the output parameters of the circuit change in a predetermined step. In circuits, relays mainly control, protect, regulate and transmit information. The relay has an induction mechanism that reflects external input parameters, an executive mechanism that realizes "on" and "off" control of the controlled circuit, and an intermediate comparison mechanism that compares, judges and converts the size of the input.
As a control element, relays have the following functions:
(1) Expand the control range, such as multi-contact relay control signal reaches a certain value, according to the different forms of the contact group, at the same time open and close the multi-circuit;
(2) amplification, such as sensitive relay, intermediate relay, etc., with a very small amount of control, can control a large power circuit;
(3) comprehensive signals, such as when multiple control signals are input into the multi-winding relay in a specified form, after comparison and synthesis, to achieve the predetermined control effect;
(4) Automatic, remote control, monitoring, such as the relay on the automatic device and other electrical appliances together, can form a program control circuit, so as to realize automatic operation.
In the competition of the automotive solid state relay market, enterprises in the United States, Japan and other developed countries constantly consolidate their dominant position in the global market by establishing technical standards, controlling core technologies, strengthening the integration of industrial chains, and firmly mastering the dominance of technical standards and international rules. In recent years, in order to further strengthen the core competitiveness, enterprises in the United States, Japan and other developed countries continue to expand automotive solid state relay products and speed up technology integration. Their business scope has broken through simple relay manufacturing and developed to industrial control, system integration and other fields. The key to the competition in the high-end field has developed from the competition of quantity to the competition of the basic research and development of new relays, key materials, special equipment and other core products.
The raw material of the automotive solid state relay
The automotive solid state relay cost of relay is mainly determined by raw materials, which are mainly iron, silver, copper and other metals, accounting for about 74.4% of the production cost, labour and manufacturing costs accounting for 13.7% and 11.9% respectively, silver, copper and iron materials accounting for 36%, 21% and 7% of the raw material cost respectively. The price of three raw materials has a certain impact on the profitability of the whole industry. In addition to the main metal raw materials of the automotive solid state relay, engineering plastics and enamelled wire are also important components of relays, and the overall supply of raw materials is stable at present.
The application domain of the automotive solid state relay
The rapid development of automotive solid state relay emerging relays. The application field of relays has changed from traditional application fields, such as household appliances and power automation control equipment, ships and new energy. Relay products have been transformed from low-end products to high-end products, such as high-voltage DC relay, high-performance industrial control relay, low-power energy-saving relay, new-generation communication relay, high-frequency relay, relay control components and other high-performance relays. The value chain of the relay industry is constantly extending to the high-end. In terms of product performance, it is developing towards the direction of more sensitive (low power consumption), smaller volume and higher performance (such as high-frequency relay).
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